4. Private sector participation
The private sector plays an important role in the delivery of initiatives and the operation of transport systems.
The private sector is increasingly participating in the operational side of transport (e.g. private bus routes in urban areas, rail freight) as well as being directly involved in the financing and operation of transport infrastructure initiatives (e.g. toll roads).
Private sector participation is common through public private partnerships (PPPs).
For guidance on initiatives involving the private sector, see the National Public Private Partnership Policy and Guidelines.